Discovery of America and navigation

Was held the International Congress "Discovery of America and Info News and Travel Versions of Columbus and the Pinzón and the Niño", between 10 and 12 October

The UHU, through the research group "mentality, Society and Environment in Andalusia and Latin America in the Modern Age," the Campus of International Excellence of the Sea (CEIMAR) and in collaboration with the Research, together with the Association for the Study Latin American and Columbian Rabida, the City of San Juan del Puerto, the County Council of Huelva, the Port Authority of Huelva and Junta de Andalucía (Andalusian Research Plan), organized this Congress as part of the program of activities to commemorate the discovery of America.

In this international meeting researchers / as from different renowned institutions, research centers and universities from around the world participate, and various aspects of the voyage of Columbus, the Pinzón, and the Niño.

To access the Program, click here

Venue: Centro Sociocultural "Jesus Quintero"

Address: Calle Real, 14 (ground floor). San Juan del Puerto (Huelva)



The Second International Conference "Navigation and the Discovery of America: Travel News and Versions of Columbus and the Pinzón Child" has been officially opened. , In the event the mayor of San Juan del Puerto, Juan Carlos Duarte attended Scientific Director of the main Congress and researcher of the group "mentality, Society and Environment in Andalusia and Latin America in the Modern Age" of UHU, David González Cruz; the representative of the Latin American Studies Association and Columbian "Rabida", Antonio M. González Díaz; Deputy of Social Welfare, Rocío Cárdenas; President of the Portuguese Academy of History, Manuela Mendonça, and the rector of the UHU, Francisco Ruiz. They highlighted the importance of Huelva in the Discovery, and the need to assert this fact. Also the David González Cruz stressed that the objectives of this conference is to analyze the impact of the discovery of America in Spain and Europe.

Throughout the five interesting lectures with which Congress has begun, have been shelled various aspects of discovery, as is the importance of nautical charts published in Spain from the first third of the seventeenth century (lecture by Dr . Pablo E. Pérez-Mallaina); issues arising between Columbus and King John II of Portugal (Dr. Manuela Mendonça.); Discovery returns to the Columbus family (Dr. Montserrat Leon.); disclosure that the discovery was made in Spain (Dr. Jesús Varela); and finally, it has become a re-reading of the image that the discovery and Columbus have had in the European imagination from the sixteenth century to the beginning of independence. (Dr. Mary Matilde Benzoni).

All these conferences and subsequent debates (both in the room and in the hallways), have allowed us to approach to significant issues arising from the discovery as well as the various perspectives offered by researchers from different sources and historical trends: Seville school, Valladolid , the Portuguese or Italian perspectives.


The second day of the Congress was, like yesterday, dense and very rich in content. Six have been conferences that have filled the morning. The first one taught by Professor of the University of Graz (Austria), Dra. Renate Pieper, who has discussed how Europe spread news of the discovery, the forms and how this influenced acquired subsequently. An extension of the news in the light of the political struggles Italy-France-Germany-France and Spain, and that while the news manuscripts depart from Spain, printing them leave from Germany, Italy and France, to tergiversándose texts from Amerigo Vespucci.

The second paper, Professor Dr.David González Cruz, analyzed the propaganda campaign orchestrated by Columbus reeling numerous documents written by the Admiral. In them you can see how Columbus, using uncertain information, and discrediting the crew, especially Martin Alonso Pinzon is arrogate all the success of the Discovery and monopolize its benefits. Through the analysis of existing documentation in relation to this aspect, we were also able to approach the personality of Columbus.

Dr. Julio Izquierdo Labrado, AEICR, in the third conference has discussed the different versions and existing around the top navigation route to America interpretations. Based on numerous images and maps, and through the details of the possible routes, difficulties, etc. has theoretically justified Columbus used the southern route as the most likely on the first trip.

After the break, Dr. Izquierdo has analyzed the figures of the Pinzón brothers, especially the strained relations between Columbus and Martin Alonso Pinzon midway through the first trip and the struggle to maintain by having each version the first trip to the Catholic Kings . Then moving on to address the importance of the presence of the crew of Huelva travel origin that were conducted between 1492 and 1550, where more than 200 died palermos.

The fifth conference, D. Jorge A. Gómez Martín has brought us to the official map of the discoveries made from Columbus to Juan de la Cosa, in which the latter is decoupled from the first when Rodriguez Fonseca gives the reins of political organizing travel. These different maps can be seen as if in the first maps it appears as an extension of Asia, and the Isle of Spanish is at the same height as the Canary (to address the conditions imposed by the Treaty of Tordesillas) in that are made from Fonseca argues that America is a New World.

Ms.. Barbara Polo Martin in the sixth conference complements the previous emphasis on specific aspects, especially the letter of 1494, as well as the emergence of new European cartographic schools. Concluding that through the study of cartography can be made interesting historical studies clarify difficult political situations (such as the confrontation Portugal-Spain), constituting a new research method to develop further.

The end of the conference a lively turn of debate, due to the tight time, I outgrew it opened.

In the afternoon, due to inclement weather the port authority could not authorize the removal of the boat so the catamaran trip had to be suspended.


The third and final day of the Congress on the Discovery of America and the Navigation is started with a lecture by Professor of Modern History and Vice Chancellor of the University of Santiago de Compostela, Dr. Roberto Javier López, who spoke on the effects of the Discovery and the American company had in the Kingdom of Galicia, since the connection with America is fundamental to understanding the modern age in this region. To analyze this issue has focused on three areas: commercial, agricultural production and influence on culture.

D. Diego Ropero Regidor, director of the municipal historical archive of Moguer and the Latin American Library, has been about the figures of the brothers Niño, members of a prominent family of shipowners Moguer, referring to the conditions of the return voyage, the title role in Carvel "Niña", which were pilots, or receipt led to the crew at La Rabida, Palos and especially in Moguer. He stressed the importance of the Niño, less known in the discoverer company that Finch (with whom they were related) even though the first were present on all trips, providing boats, in which they were also pilots and cartographers, and engaged in the exploration and colonization.

Then Dr. Pilar Gil Tébar, professor of social anthropology at the UHU, conducted an analysis of the route from Columbus encountered indigenous to moving them to Castile, analyzing the process of adaptation in relation to the forced acculturation that they had experienced. Dr. Gil states that the difference lies between slaves and privileged, stopping mechanisms developed assimilation (jobs, marriages, etc.), and highlight the lack of factual information about Indians in Castile. Because while other information is available on the approaches of the Indians who remained in America, those who remained, little is known of those who went to Castile, and so far have found documents on this subject. The Indians, as representatives of otherness, are notably absent; noting that history is written by those in power do.

The last lecture was given by Dr. Maria da Graça Mateus, Institute of Ibero-Atlantic Culture of Portugal, who spoke of the "baptism" appropriation of reality and shaping the world that Columbus made through the renomination of the places he encountered. From the names that were putting the researcher approaches the imaginary discoverer, concluding that Columbus, while he was there but never knew: he did not discover America because it was not able to perceive the new reality.

Having failed to keep the appointment Professor of the University of Paris IV-Sorbonne, Dra. Benat Louise, were available more time for an interesting and lively discussion in which attendees were able to share thoughts with the speakers.

After discussion, the scientific director of the Congress, Dr. David González Cruz, closed the event with words of thanks to both attendees and institutions who have made this Congress, noting both that this is probably the academic meeting in Niño that appear next to Pinzón, the high level of the presentations and the fact that we could show how very similar topics can be very different perspectives, thus promoting overall view of the fact finder and navigation.


Among the results of the Congress on Discovery and Navigation is remarkable the decision to create a European Network of Historians of Discovery .

This network will aim to promote research, publications and various related activities conducted exploratory voyages that both Hispanics and other Europeans in the modern age. And promoting research into the facts, places, activities, etc. linked to the discovery of America.Are linked to this network both researchers from Spain, Portugal, Austria, Italy and France, as institutions and research centers from different countries.
Congress Posters
The speakers talking before Congress
Dra. Manuela Mendoça (10/10/2014)
Dra. Montserrat León (10/10/2014)
Dr. Jesus Varela and Dr. David González (10/10/2014)
A first day with the room full of congressmen
Dr. Julio Izquierdo (11/10/2014)
D. Jorge A. Gómez (11/10/2014)
Dª Bárbara Polo (11/10/2014)
A moment during the debate (11/10/2014)
Jorge Gómez, Renate Pieper and David Gonzalez in the debate
Congress during the second day of Congress
All lecturers
Exhibition of publications, courtesy of the Portuguese Academy of History
Volume containing the lectures of the First Congress
Dr. Roberto Javier López (10/12/2014)
D. Diego Ropero Regidor (10/12/2014)
Dr. Maria da Graça Mateus (10/12/2014)
A moment during the debate (10/12/2014)
Another time of the last discussion (10/12/2014)
Closure of the Congress on Discovery and Navigation (10/12/2014)

People enrolled
in Congress will be able to make a visit to the surroundings of the Columbian Places on a Catamaran


On the occasion of this Congress, the University Library of Huelva has made a selection of books on the Discovery of America, published in New exhibitors at the ground floor of the Central Library on the campus of El Carmen. The list of titles can be found exposed also in the web catalog Columbus.



Se crea una Red Europea de Historia de los Descubrimientos

Noticias del Congreso, ofrecidas por el Ayuntamiento de San Juan del Puerto (primer día, segundo día, tercer día)

Clausura del Congreso sobre el Descubrimiento

Finaliza con éxito el Congreso sobre el Descubrimiento y Navegación

El Señorío de Moguer en el cierre del Congreso sobre el Descubrimiento

Segunda jornada del Congreso sobre el Descubrimiento de América

The Congress on the Rotacode blog

Da comienzo el Congreso Internacional sobre el Descubrimiento y Navegación. Cinco expertos desarrollan las primeras ponencias.

Inicio del Congreso sobre el Descubrimiento este viernes, 10 de octubre

San Juan acogerá el II Congreso del Descubrimiento.

Congreso sobre el Descubrimiento en San Juan.

Los marinos onubenses y el viaje de Colón, a debate en un Congreso.

San Juan del Puerto acoge el II Congreso del Descubrimiento.

San Juan acogerá en octubre el II Congreso del Descubrimiento, que dará luz a los viajes de Colón.

El II Congreso del Descubrimiento se celebrará en San Juan del 10 al 12 de octubre.

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